Thippali is a perennial medicinal plant usually cultivated for its fruit. Dried and unripe berries or spikes from these plants are considered to be an important ingredient in many of the ayurvedic and herbal medicines. Thippali, Long pepper or Pippali is considered to have many resemblances to black pepper plant with a hot and spicy taste. Fruit is long and has a green texture, once it ripe it gets a red colour and attains a black colour when dried. Thippali is known for its medicinal properties and it is traditionally used as an expectorant for treating various respiratory ailments like bronchitis, asthma, cough etc.
Pippali is widely used in Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine particularly for diseases of respiratory tract. The fruits are used for diseases of the respiratory tract, like, cough, bronchitis, asthma, etc.; as counter-irritant and analgesic when applied locally for muscular pains and inflammation and as general tonic and hematinic (increases the hemoglobin content of the blood). It acts as a general tonic and hematinic and used as a good rejuvenator in Ayurveda.